Commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business is becoming popular gradually due to its high market demand and easy farming process, even it doesn’t require heavy farming equipment. It is generally raised for meat production, but some fancy people raise it for ornamental purposes.
This lucrative and modern breed is relatively new for commercial purposes, but this was farming rationally in Indonesia. This dual-purpose breed is getting popularity gradually as high demandable chicken meat in the international market.
The Ayam Cemani chicken is an uncommon breed as commercial poultry farming for meat egg, but local Indonesian people have bought in to light this breed as a commercial breed. As a pure Indonesian breed, the breed originated from the island of Java, Indonesia, and has probably been used since the 12th century for religious and mystical purposes. Very little is known about the history of the creation of this breed. The Indonesian word ‘Ayam’ means chicken, in Bahasa Indonesia, and while cemani (originally a Javanese word) means “thoroughly black” (down to the bones).
The Ayam Cemani chicken has probably been used by the local people for Centuries for religious, traditional, and mystical purposes in the island of Java. Latter, Dutch colonial settlers first described the breed and they first brought these birds to Europe and introduced them to the European people. It was actually imported in 1998 by Dutch breeder Jan Steverink and from that time this breed became known to the rest of the world.
The Ayam Cemani chicken breed has a prevalent gene that causes physiological conditions (Fibromelanosis). And physiological condition makes these chickens entirely black. Their feathers, beaks, and internal organs all are black.
Along with Indonesia, today the breed is also available in the Czech Republic, Germany, and many other European countries. Its meat is also considered meat for aristocratic people. The perfect black Ayam Cemani chicken has a very high demand in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Arabian countries, and is valued by the rich. Because it is believed that it has a mystical power.
However, if you want to raise it commercially on your farm, you can. Modern farming technology will guide you properly. Always high demand and market value ensure you profit from a commercial Ayam Cemani Chicken farming business.
How to Start Ayam Cemani Chicken Farming
Naturally, the Ayam Cemani chickens are very active and strong birds. So starting a commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business will be relatively easy.
However, we are trying to describe more information about a business plan, site selection, starting and operating a successful Ayam Cemani chicken farming business from purchasing birds to caring and marketing.
1. Business Plan
A proper business plan is half of success. So to start a commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming you need a perfect and well-developed business plan. A perfect business plan is comprised of three important parts. Business model, Operational plan, and financial projection are the three important parts of a business model; these three models are related to one another.
The business model shows you the way of a combination of total factors of production (fixed factor and variable factors), where the operational model indicates that the way of the production process with the best combination of factors. Finally financial model shows the money inflow in the production and outflow (revenue) from the production.
2. Site Selection
To raise chickens you must choose a place that is open or where light and air can always enter. Closed damp places are never suitable for commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business. After choosing a suitable place for raising chickens, they need to build a suitable house for them.
Usually, the places to be chosen for commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business should be far away from human habitation, the local market, and industrial area, but not too far away from your home, it may be difficult to take care of them. No, it is better not to be near the forest or bushes, as it can be attacked by wild animals and harm the chickens.
Arranging a good, comfortable and secure housing system is very important for the commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business. Because a good shelter not only ensures the chicken stays healthy but also helps them to stay free from ferocious wild predators and adverse weather conditions.
Generally, chickens can be reared in two ways, one is closed poultry farming and another is freely that is opened poultry farming system. If you want to farm freely, you have to fence around the farm very nicely, so that no animal from outside can harm the chicken.
The second is that if you want to raise them in a closed area, you need to make a nice house for them, a room that will be a little higher where light and air can passes very easily, and a fence around the house very well.
The house would not be too hot and not too cold. You can build the house according to your budget. You can build a concrete set-up house or you can build a house with bamboo, or wood. But no matter what you do, you should always be aware that safety is always right for your chickens.
Make the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. The Ayam Cemani chickens are classed as a small to medium-sized breed. So on average, around 3.5 to 4.5 square feet of housing space will be enough for each bird.
4. Purchase Chickens
The next thing is you need to collect very good quality, healthy, active, and disease-free birds for starting your commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business. You can collect chicks from any farm.
But keep in mind that, you have to collect chicks from reputed and qualified farms. However, when collecting chickens, you must make sure that the chicks are healthy and strong. It is important that you keep in mind that the eggs hatched from the chicks are correct.
You can collect one day old or one-week-old baby. You can also consider searching your local online classified websites. Just ensure that the chicks are strong and active. You must remember that good birds can be obtained from good chickens which can ensure good production and maximum profit.
The quality of good feed is one of the most important parameters for the commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business. You have to feed the birds with very good quality, healthy and nutritious food. Because good and nutritious food helps the birds both to stay healthy, and to grow better and produce more.
Both ready-made/commercial and own prepared feed is suitable for Ayam Cemani chicken. But before preparing the feed you have to ensure the right proportion of ingredients in the feed and also ensure that the food is good and healthy for your chickens.
Never feed your chickens with contaminated or date-over feeds. You have to provide them with enough clean and fresh drinking water as per their demand.
The Ayam Cemani chickens are naturally very good breeders like many other domestic chicken breeds, and it is easy. Generally, the rooster and hens ratio is 1: 10, which is very common as usual. But thing is that you have to ensure both rooster and hen will be mature and healthy.
Generally, the Ayam Cemani chickens are strong and active birds. Unlike commercial poultry farming, you need not work too much, and doesn’t require modern farming technology. They require less caring and other management just like pig farming. Though additional caring will help the birds to grow better and ensure better production.
However, you need to monitor the chicken’s health regularly, and for any signs of diseases or illness. If you notice anything uncommon take the necessary steps as soon as possible. Vaccinate your birds properly and always try to keep good contact with a doctor or local agricultural information center.
Marketing Ayam Cemani chicken products is not a big problem. Because Ayam Cemani chicken products have very good demand and value in the local and international market. So you will probably be able to easily sell your products in any market.
The meat of the Ayam Cemani chicken is very popular and highly valued in Indonesia, and Arabian countries. Indonesian local people believe that these birds possess mystical powers and Arabian people like it as aristocracy. Many five-star hotels serve it to their special guest. But you need to make your own marketing strategies before starting this business.
So, these are the most common 8 steps and ways for starting and operating a successful and commercial Ayam Cemani chicken farming business. Raising Ayam Cemani chickens is very easy and simple, even beginners can also raise them just he/she needs a proper business plan and marketing strategies.