List of Freshwater Fish Species

Freshwater Fish Species
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Freshwater fish species encompass a vast variety of aquatic life, dwelling in rivers, lakes, and streams. These fish, known as freshwater fish, thrive in environments with salinity levels below 1.05%, adapting physiologically to their habitats.

Their adaptations enable survival in conditions differing vastly from marine ecosystems. Whether it’s the sleek Pike lurking in the depths or the colorful Discus adorning freshwater aquariums, each species plays a crucial role in its ecosystem.

Despite the differences in their habitats, freshwater fish species demonstrate resilience and diversity, captivating enthusiasts with their beauty and evolutionary marvels.

Freshwater Fish species
Freshwater Fish; Image: banglapedia.org

Almost 42% of all known species of fish are found in freshwater. This is mainly due to the rapid speciation that the scattered habitats make possible.

Freshwater Fish Species

Freshwater fish species encompass a diverse array of aquatic life found in rivers, lakes, and streams worldwide. From the vibrant hues of tropical fish like the Discus to the stealthy predators like Pike, these species adapt to their habitats, playing vital roles in ecosystems while captivating enthusiasts with their beauty and behavior.

The General name, English name, and Scientific name of some freshwater fish are listed below.

Bengali NameCommon English NameScientific Name
Baan or Pakal or BamushBengal eelOphisternon bengalense
Bai-laBangladeshi (Native)Awaous guamensis
BoitkaBangladeshi (Native)Labeo pangusia
BhetkiBarramundiLates calcarifer
BalichuraBalitora minnowPsilorhynchus balitora
BalichuraRainbow minnowPsilorhynchus gracilis
Bansh-pataBroad-mouthed mulletParamugil parmatus
BaraliBarred barilBarilius barila
Baril/JoiyaHamilton’s barilaBarilius bendelisis
Bata/BangnaRebaLabeo ariza
BataBataLabeo bata
BatasiIndian BatasiNeotropius atherinoides
BechiWhitespot/Blue panchaxAplocheilus panchax
BeleScribbled gobyAwaous grammepomus
Bhadi putiPool barbPuntius sophore
BhanganBoga labeoLabeo boga
BholTrout barbRaiamas bola
Bhola BhetkiIndian JewfishNibea soldado
Kuli/Bhut beleDusky sleeperEleotris fusca
BilchuriMottled loachAcanthocobitis botia
BoaalWallagoWallago attu
BorguniJarbua teraponTerapon jarbua
Bou/RaniBengal loachBotia dario
Bou machHora loachBotia dayi
MurariCarpletAspidoparia morar
Magor/Shing/CatfishIndian torrent catfishAmblyceps mangois
Gong TengraBangladeshi (Native)Gagata gagata
Magur/ShingBangladeshi (Native)Gagata youssoufi
Chandan IlishToli shadTenualosa toli
ChapilaGanges River Gizzard ShadGonialosa manmina
ChapilaIndian River ShadGudusia chapra
ChebliGiant DanioDevario aequipinnatus
ChekaSquarehead CatfishChaca chaca
ChelaSilver razorbelly minnowSalmostoma acinaces
Chep chela/LaubuchaIndian Glass BarbChela laubuca
ChitolClown KnifefishChitala chitala
PholiBronze featherbackNotopterus notopterus
ChunoHoney gouramiTrichogaster chuna
Common carpCommon carpCyprinus carpio carpio
DahukBoddart’s goggle-eyed gobyBoleophthalmus boddarti
DahukWalking gobyScartelaos histophorus
Dari (fish)Bangladeshi (Native)Schistura scaturigina
DarkinaFlying barbEsomus danricus
DarkinaSlender rasboraRasbora daniconius
DarkinaGangetic scissortail rasboraRasbora rasbora
Dhal magorBangladeshi (Native)Glyptothorax telchitta
GechuaWalking snakeheadChanna orientalis
GaglaGagora catfishArius gagora
Gong magorGray eel-catfishPlotosus canius
Gong tengraBangladeshi (Native)Gogangra viridescens
Gong tengraBangladeshi (Native)Nangra nangra
Kabashi TengraGangetic mystusMystus cavasius
Ghor poi-yaSucker headGarra gotyla gotyla
GhoniaBoggut labeoLabeo boggut
GilipuntiGolden barbPuntius gelius
Goti poaLargescale archerfishToxotes chatareus
GojarGreat snakeheadChanna marulius
Grass carpGrass carpCtenopharyngodon idella
Gura tengraBangladeshi (Native)Chandramara chandramara
GutumAnnandale loachLepidocephalichthys annandalei
GutumGuntea loachLepidocephalichthys guntea
GurjaliIndian SalmonEleutheronema tetradactylum
IlishThe Great Ilish, HilsaTenualosa ilisha
JayaJayaAspidoparia jaya
KajuliJamuna ailiaAiliichthys punctata
KakilaFreshwater garfishXenentodon cancila
KalibausOrange-fin labeoLabeo calbasu
Kachon puntiRosy barbPuntius conchonius
Kani pabdaButter catfishOmpok bimaculatus
Kani tengraPainted catfishPseudolaguvia ribeiroi
Karati hangarKnifetooth sawfishAnoxypristis cuspidata
Kathal pataPan soleBrachirus pan
KatlaIndian CarpCatla
Kholshe, KhoulshaBanded gouramiColisa fasciata
GoroyBanded gouramiColisa fasciata
KhaksaBangladeshi (Native)Barilius barna
KharuRice-paddy eelPisodonophis boro
KhoyraBangladeshi (Native)Chatoessus manminna
KhorsulaCorsulaRhinomugil corsula
KoiClimbing perchAnabas testudineus
KoirkaBangladeshi (Native)Schistura corica
KoitorCoitor croakerJohnius coitor
KoksaBangladeshi (Native)Barilius shacra
KosuatiBangladeshi (Native)Oreichthys cosuatis
KuchiaSwamp eelMonopterus cuchia
Kuli (fish)Duckbill sleeperButis butis
Kumirer khilDeocata pipefishMicrophis deocata
Kursha (fish)KalabansSinilabeo dero
Kuta kantiConta catfishErethistes pusillus
Lal kholishaDwarf gouramiColisa lalia
LoteyBombay DuckHarpadon nehereus
Lomba chandaElongate glass-perchletChanda nama
Modhu pabdaPabdah catfishOmpok pabda
MagurWalking CatfishClarias batrachus
Minor carpCarpfishCrossocheilus latius
Mola puntiGlass-barbPuntius guganio
MolaMola CarpletAmblypharyngodon microlepis
MouralaIndian CarpletAmblypharyngodon mola
MrigelMrigalCirrhinus cirrhosus
MuribachaGarua BachchaClupisoma garua
Napte koiBadisBadis badis
NeftaniFrail gouramiCtenops nobilis
NiloticaNile tilapiaOreochromis niloticus niloticus
Nur PurGangetic leaffishNandus nandus
Nuna baillaBangladeshi (Native)Brachygobius nunus
Nuna-tengraLong whiskers catfishMystus gulio
PakalEelAnguilliformes sp.
PabdaIndian CatfishCallichrus pabda
PangaJava loachPangio oblonga
PangasYellowtail catfishPangasius pangasius
Pankal baimBarred spiny eelMacrognathus pancalus
ParsheFlathead grey mulletMugil cephalus
Pathar chataBangladeshi (Native)Barilius tileo
Phasa (fish)Gangetic hairfin anchovySetipinna phasa
Phopa chandaHimalayan glassy perchletPseudambassis baculis
Phutani puntiSpottedsail barbPuntius phutunio
Poa (fish)Pama croakerOtolithoides pama
PomfretPomfretBrama brama
PotkaGreen pufferfishTetraodon fluviatilis
Pug-headed mud skipperGiant mudskipperPeriophthalmodon schlosseri
PuiyaBurmese loachLepidocephalichthys berdmorei
Punti (fish)Swamp barbPuntius chola
PuntiSmall freshwater fishPunctius ticto
Putitor mohashoulGolden mahseerTor putitora
RajputiJava barbBarbonymus gonionotus
Ranga chandaIndian glassy fishParambassis ranga
Rata bouraPurple spaghetti-eelMoringua raitaborua
Rita (fish)RitaRita rita
BachaBachaEutropiichthys vacha
Rui  /RohuIndian Rui / RohuLabeo rohita
Sapla pataPale-edged stingrayDasyatis zugei
Savon khorkaBangladeshi (Native)Schistura savona
Shada ghoniaKuria labeoLabeo gonius
ShankhachiiBanded eagle rayAetomylaeus nichofii
Shillong (fish)Silond catfishSilonia silondia
ShingiStinging catfishHeteropneustes fossilis
SholSnakehead murrelChanna striata
SarpuntiOlive barbPuntius sarana
Silver carpSilver carpHypophthalmichthys molitrix
KuichaLongfin Snake-eelPisodonophis cancrivorus
Striped dwarf catfishIndian catfishMystus tengara
SunkushDwarf whiprayHimantura walga
Taki (fish)Spotted snakeheadChanna punctata
TopsheMango Fish / CichlidSarotherodon melanotheron heudelotii
Tara baimLesser spiny eelMacrognathus aculeatus
TengraTyangraBatasio batasio,
TepaOcellated pufferfishTetraodon cutcutia
Teri puntiOnespot barbPuntius terio
TiasholBarca snakeheadChanna barca
TelapiaIndian TilapiaOreochromis mossambicus
Tit puntiTicto barbPuntius ticto
TitariRiver stone carpPsilorhynchus sucatio

List of Freshwater Fish Species; Source: wikipedia.org


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