Saltwater fish, also called marine fish, are fish that live in ocean water, coastal areas, and in the rivers with saltwater. Generally, saltwater fish can swim and live alone or in a large group. Thoughsaltwater fish are very commonly kept in aquariums for entertainment, but it plays a great economic value too. Many saltwater fish are also caught to be eaten.
Saltwater fishes are a multi-million dollar industry in many countries, such as the U.S.A., Japan, China, Norway, and many other countries. About 10 million marine fish are imported into the United States each year for aquarium use. The United States imports more saltwater fish than any other country in the world.
There are many saltwater fish species available, and many of them are cultured in the coastal area for commercial fish business. Among those species, the general name and scientific name of some important fish species are listed below.
List of Some Saltwater Fish Species
|General Name||Scientific Name|
|African pompano||Alectis ciliaris|
|Banded rudderfish||Seriola zonata|
|Bombay duck||Harpodon nehereus|
|Blacknose shark||Carcharhinus acronotus|
|Blue runner||Caranx crysos|
|Gafftopsail catfish||Bagre marinus|
|Gray triggerfish||Balistes capriscus|
|Gray (mangrove) snapper||Lutjanus griseus|
|Green tiger shrimp||Penaeus semisulcatus|
|Hilsa (Ilish)||Hilsa ilisha|
|Horina chingri||Metapenaeus monoceros|
|Indian white shrimp||Penaeus Indicus|
|Ribbon fish||Trichiurus haumela|