Commercial tomato farming organically in the garden is very easy and it’s probably the most rewarding experience. In this guide, we are describing commercial methods of growing tomatoes. This method is applicable to both commercial and family gardening. You can follow these rules in any case.
Tomato is a vegetable rich in vitamins A, B, and C. Green and ripe tomatoes are cooked, and ripe tomatoes are popular as salads. Moreover, the sauce made by processing ripe tomatoes enhances the taste. Moreover Organic homegrown tomatoes are actually more tasty, flavorful, and nutritious than the commercially grown tomatoes that we buy from markets.
Tomatoes are a winter vegetable but can now be grown in summer. Today commercial tomato farming is happening even in a soil-less farm environment with mostly chemical fertilizer solutions.
These practices in soil-less big-scale commercial production systems result in tomatoes looking excellent. But these tomatoes don’t taste as good as homegrown or organically farmed tomatoes.
Probably these factors are influencing the creation of market demand and market value. So we are here to guide how to start commercial tomato farming organically.
How to Start Tomato Farming
Growing tasty, flavorful, and healthy tomatoes is very easy and simple if you follow the right steps for growing tomatoes in the garden. But execute anything commercially you have to maintain some commercial rules.
Commercial farms start with a perfect business plan, site selection, operational management, and finally business accounting which is the systematic recording, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting of financial information. A business plan is required for a successful farming business.
Here we are describing more about the steps of growing Commercial tomato farming organically in the garden.
1. Choose A Variety
First of all, you have to choose the right variety of tomatoes for commercial tomato farming. There are many different varieties of tomato available for commercial farming.
Some varieties are of large size, some are small, some are of incredible color, some varieties are grown for specific regions, some varieties are of a bush type and some varieties are dwarf. Some varieties require less time to harvest (less than 60 to70 days) and some require more than 80 days months.
You have to choose the right variety depending on your choice, location, and purpose. There are many approved varieties of tomatoes. Winter varieties include Tomato-2, Tomato-9, Tomato-10, BF, Oxhard, etc. Summer verities tomato includes Tomato-4, Tomato-9, Hybrid Tomato 3, etc.
2. Collect/Purchase Seeds
After selecting the varieties according to your farm, collect seeds from the market. There may be several brands of seeds you have to collect the best one for tour commercial tomato farming. You can also collect seeds from any friend or any reputed farmer in your area. Though currently, some popular seed companies are selling seeds through their online stores, so if you want you can also collect seeds from there.
3. Prepare The Soil
For commercial tomato farming, you have to think about soil type, which may be the greatest factor of good production. Generally, tomatoes grow in almost all types of soil, except heavy clay. But, with good light-air fertile loamy soils are best for tomato cultivation, but proper care must be needed. Commonly 1 hectare of land is required for sowing 200 grams of seeds.
At present, vertical farming technology is being used for commercial tomato farming. Various farming technology and many types of equipment have been invented.
At first, the seeds are sown in 4 seedbeds (3m × 1m) 50 grams thick. After 8 to 10 days of germination, the seedlings are picked and planted 4*4 cm apart in the seedbed. In that case, 22 seedbeds are required to get strong seedlings. September-October is the best time for winter varieties.
The soil should be plowed four to five times with a ladder. Depending on the nature and location of the soil, one meter wide and 15 to 20 cm high beds should be made. Between the two beds, there should be 30 cm wide, to facilitate drainage. The amount of fertilizer being applied for tomato cultivation…
|Name of Fertilizer||Quantity of Fertilizer/Decimal|
Before final cultivation, complete dung, all TSP and one-third MOP fertilizer should be well mixed with soil. Urea fertilizer should be applied in three equal installments ten days after planting 25 days and 40 days later. The rest of the MOP fertilizer should be divided into two parts and given after 25 days and 40 days.
Never use chemical fertilizer, and try to use as many organic materials as you can (manure, compost, tree leaves, etc.). Adding compost, manure or other organic materials also helps to improve clay soil.
The seedlings are suitable for planting when they are 30 to 35 days old. Seedlings should be taken from the seedbed very carefully so that the roots are not damaged.
Therefore, before taking seedlings, the soil in the seedbed should be soaked. It is best to plant seedlings in the late afternoon sun.
Light irrigation should be given after planting. Two rows of seedlings should be planted in a bed one meter wide.
The distance from row to row should be 60 cm and the distance from seedling to seedling should be 40 cm.
5. Caring For The Tomato Plant
After planting the tomato seedlings don’t follow the common saying “plant and forget”. You have to remember that commercial farming of any product you need to take seriously. Tomato plants require some additional caring for getting a good yield.
Don’t follow the ‘plant and forget’ rule for growing tomatoes. Tomato plants require additional caring for good yield. Follow the steps mentioned in your business plan for caring for tomato plants and getting better production.
Commonly watering is a very important task for commercial agro-farming. A tomato plant has two types of roots, one is deep roots and the second one is shallow roots. Naturally deep roots execute to transport water for the plant from the soil, and the shallow roots absorb nutrients. So, it will be better if you drench the soil around the plant while feeding.
Water the plants generously for the first few days after transplanting. You also need to water the plants well throughout the growing season.
Watering deeply in the growing season is very important for strong root development. Early morning is the best time for watering tomato plants.
A mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of the soil and this one is very important for retaining moisture in the soil and also for preventing weeds.
Mulching is executed to conserve soil moisture, improve soil fertility and health, reduce weed growth, and enhance the visual appeal of the area. Generally, you need mulching after 5 weeks of transplanting.
8. Weeds Control
Weeds controlling in commercial tomato farms is always important because weeds take nutrients provided by you from the soil and some common weeds are hosts of pests and diseases which are very harmful to tomato farming. Commercial tomato farming will also continue in the mixed farming process.
You must be kept weed-free regularly. The first three to four days after planting the seedlings should be lightly irrigated. Later, if there is a lack of sap in the soil, water should be given. If excess water accumulates in the soil due to irrigation or rain, it should be removed.
9. Controlling Diseases
Like many other agro-plants, tomatoes are very susceptible to insect pests and some common diseases. And it’s a common disease that creates a hindrance to growing tomatoes. So you must have to take sufficient measures to control pests and diseases on your commercial farm.
9.1 Damping-off Disease: The bottom of the seedling is drenched with watery spots and gets rotten. Sometimes the root gets rotten and the seedling dies.
The soil is drenched with Ridomil gold and applied to the affected place.
9.2 Wilting Disease: The plants wilt downwards any time and die quickly in this bacterial disease. The affected plants need to be burnt on spot.
The resistant varieties are to be cultivated.
9.3 Yellow Leaf Curled Disease: The leaves get wrinkled from the edge to the midrib in this fungal disease. The leaves become dry, the veins get wrinkled and transparent yellow. The small leaves at the shoot of the affected plants become clustered.
To control this disease, the tomato field needs to be weed-free, disease-free seedlings need to be planted and the affected plant has to be removed and burnt. Whitefly insects quickly spread this disease. To prevent fly insects, an insecticide named Admayar is to be sprayed at an interval of 7-10 days.
Tomato starts to ripen after two months of seedling transplanting. The duration of tomatoes is 120-150 days depending on their varieties. When the tomato becomes reddish in color, the fruit is collected by cutting the stalk.
Production varies depending on the variety of seasons. The production is about 250 kg/ decimal in winter and it is about 80-100 kg/ decimal in summer.
Take A Note
Taking note or documentation of any projects will always help you to get a serious decision on your further projects. Side by side final document, the note shows you easily the revenue and finally profit or loss from the project.
Even if you take step-by-step notes of your projects, in this case, it will be easier to find out any particular problem or pitfall in the projects. Projects management and taking notes are indispensable things. Even an old saying is project management has double value if you take a note.